IV – Semester

Cultural Studies: An Introduction

The course seeks to familiarize students with key concepts in the study and practice of popular culture. It also explores the context that develops Cultural Studies as a critical practice.

Unit I: Concepts in Cultural Studies:

1. Discourse
2. Dominance/Hegemony
3. Ideology
4. Thick Description
5. Civil Society
6. Bricolage
7. The Frankfurt School
8. Queer Theory
9. Mass media
10. Subculture
11. Counter Culture
12. Everyday Life

Unit II: Cultural Theories
1. Gramsci, Antonio
Intellectuals (extract)
2. Williams, Raymond
“Culture is Ordinary” (extract)
3. Adorno, Theodor
“The Culture Industry Reconsidered" (extract)
4. Bourdieu, Pierre
Distinction - A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste (extract)
5. Hall, Stuart
Notes on Deconstructing the Popular
6. Radway, Janice
“Reading the Romance” (extract)
7. Anand Pandian
8. Lakshmi Srinivas

Recommended Reading
Hoggart, Richard
The Real World of People: Illustrations from Popular Art
Greer, Germaine
The Stereotype
Fiske, John
Cultural Studies and Culture of Everyday Life
Mukherjee and Schudson
Rethinking Popular Culture: Understanding Popular Culture
Connor, Steven
Cultural Sociology and Cultural Sciences
Arnold, Mathew
“Sweetness and Light”
Williams, Raymond
Hall, Stuart
From Language to Semiotics
Storey, John
An Introduction to Cultural Theory and Popular Culture

[EN0114] Postcolonial Studies II
60 hour course – 4 credits

This is a continuation of Postcolonial Studies I. It focuses on Postcolonial theory that foregrounds Perspectives of gender, subalternity and marginality. Its selections are largely located in the African Contexts.

Unit I: Postcolonial Theory

Said, Edward
Introduction to Orientalism
Nandy, Ashis
Intimate Enemy
Anderson, Benedict
Mohanty, Chandra
“Under Western Eyes- Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourse”
Bhabha, Homi
“Signs taken for Wonders”
Guha, Ranajit
“Some aspects of the Historiography of colonial India”
Fanon, Franz
“On National Culture”

Unit II: Post Colonial Texts: A selection
Diop, David
Sipho Sepmla
“Civilization Aha”
Gordimer, Nadine
“The Ultimate Safari”
Achebe, Chinua
Things Fall Apart
Okara, Gabriel
Once Upon a Time
N’tuli, Pitika
“In My Country”

Recommended Reading
1. Chaterjee, Partha
Nationalism as a Problem
2. Breckenridge and Van Deer
Orientalism and the Post Colonial Predicament
3. Prakash, Gyan
Colonial Criticism and Indian Historiography
4. Gandhi, Leela
Post Colonial Theory
5. Introductory Essays on postcolonial
Theory and Criticism
6. Postcolonial Literatures


1. Research Methodology: Meaning, objectives, motivation, types, approaches, significance of research.
Research methods versus methodology
Research and scientific method
Importance of knowing how research is done, research process, criteria of Good research
Problems encountered by researchers in India.

2. Defining the research problem
What is a research problem? Selecting the problem. Technique involved in defining the problem an illustration. Conclusion

3. Qualitative and quantitative methods for English language and literature

4. Research Design Meaning: need, features of good design. Important concepts relating to research design.

5. Different research designs: Basic principle of experimental designs. Conclusions. Developing a research plan.

6. APA and MLA Referencing Style (Latest Edition)

7. Publication and plagiarism in research

Books Recommended:
Jayant Paranjape, The Scholar Apprentice Madhu Malati Adhikari A Students Handbook for Writing Research Term Paper Nicholas S. R. Walliman: Research Methods: The Basics Jayant Paranjape,Critical Investigations,Dattasons,J.Nehru marg Sadar Nagpur.

World Literature

The course aims to acquaint the student with the contemporary moment. Through the mechanism of a survey course, the student will encounter the idea of World Literature whilst also paying attention to the idea of national literatures. This conversation will be illumined by debates over globalisation and the free-market economy, and supported by a framework of ideas that derive from post-colonial studies, cultural studies and gender studies.

The shrinking of the world caused by technological advances has produced an extraordinary interest in writing as discovery, and in new textualities that marry words and images. The student is offered readings in long-form journalism, travel writing and the modes of disclosure associated with the graphic novel

1. What is World Literature (Translation/Transnation)—David Damrosch
2. The Culture of Liberty—Mario Vargas Llosa on Globalisation
3. Conjectures on World Literature--Franco Moretti

Writings from the other Europe
1. Joseph Brodsky—The Art of Poetry, Paris Review Interview,
2. Poems by Joseph Brodsky—To Urania & Folk Tune
3. Poems by Wislawa Szymborska—Utopia & The Joy of Writing
4. Extract from Bohumil Hrabal's Closely Observed Trains

Latin America
1. Mario Vargas Llosa--Paris Review Interview
2. Extract from One Hundred Years of Solitude--Gabriel Garcia Marquez
3. Borges--Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote
4. Pablo Neruda: Sonnet XVII--I don’t love you as if you were a rose of salt

United States
1. Allen Ginsberg--America
2. Bob Dylan--Hey Mr. Tambourine Man
3. Ernest Hemingway--Short Story
4. Robert Frost--The Road Not Taken
5. Extract from Toni Morrison's Beloved
6. Extract from Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman

New Forms
A: The Graphic Novel

Chicken with Plums—Marjane Satrapi

B: Longform Journalism & Non-Fiction
1. Flathead--Matt Taibbi on Thomas Friedman
2. Selections from Following Fish—Samanth Subramanian


The purpose of the course is to enable the students to develop an excellent command over English Language. The students will also acquire the art of creativity in language and literature by getting introduced to the inter-related nature of science and society in the context of cultural values and language and literature behaviour. The objective would also be to improve specific language skills, usage in advance composition words and expression commonly misused; syntax and problems of meaning in the communication of ideas. The students will also get acquainted with communication skills needed greatly in academic and professional pursuits, besides getting trained in English Teaching Practice.

Assessment, measurement, Evaluation: Meaning and Importance, Differences between Measurement and Evaluation; Principles and Process of Evaluation. 1.2 Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational objectives-cognitive, affective and psychomotor domain. 1.3 Types of Evaluation: Formative and Summative –meaning, purpose, importance and their differences, Diagnostic and Prognostic Test: concept and uses, Criterion and Norm reference test: concept and uses.

Unit II:
Cognitive Psychology: - Meaning, Importance in Learning & Teaching. Cognitive development according to Piaget 1.2.Socio-cultural theory: – Meaning, Importance in teaching and learning, Socio-cultural theory according to Vygotsky (ZPD concept)

Unit III:
Materials for developing language skills I: listening skills; speaking skills; reading skills; writing skills.

Unit IV:
Professional competencies of an English teacher, programmes for teacher empowerment workshops, seminars, conference, panel discussion and projects. 4.2. Role of NCERT, DSERT, RIE, IEFL, British Council Library, Central Institute of Indian Languages to enhance the professional development of English Language Teachers

Books Recommended:
Frank Palmer, Grammar Kachru, The Alchemy of English Larsen-Freeman, Diane. 2004. Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Richards, J. C. and T. S. Rogers. 1986. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge University Press Saraswathi, V. 2004. English Language Teaching – Principles and Practice. Orient Longman. Tickoo, M. L. 2003. Teaching and Learning English – A Sourcebook for Teachers and TeacherTrainers. Hyderabad: Orient Longman Agnihotri, R. K & Khanna, A. L (1997). Problematizing English in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications Agnihotri, R. K & Khanna, A.L. (1995). English Language Teaching in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications


1. Formalize linguistic facts into concise rules.
2. Argue for or against a view using objective and empirical evidence.
3. Lead discussions about some of these popular ‘language myths’ as well as other language-related issues.
4. Read and write about linguistic and non-linguistic aspects of an unfamiliar language of your choice.

Linguistics -2
1. Historical Linguistics
2. Applied Linguistics
3. Language and Society
4. Language and Communication
5. Introduction to Applied Linguistics


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